Lumpy Skin Disease: An Overview of its Status and Influence on Milk Production in India
Keywords:Lumpy skin disease, Neethling virus, Milk production, India.
An infectious condition known as lumpy skin disease (LSD) in cattle is caused by the Neethling virus, a member of the Poxviridae family of viruses. Fever, swollen superficial lymph nodes, and many nodules (2–5 cm in diameter) on the skin and mucosal membranes are the disease's symptoms. Moreover, infected cattle may become lame and experience edematous swelling in their limbs. The illness has a high mortality rate and is transmitted by flies, mosquitoes, and even ticks. The virus has significant economic implications since it frequently causes chronic skin damage in animals, decreasing the market value of their hide. In addition, the illness frequently causes chronic weakness, decreased milk supply, stunted development, infertility, abortion, and even death. In India, it was reported in year 2019 in eastern states in West Bengal and Odisha and spread thereby to other states with severe implications. This article covers the current status of the disease and its influence on milk production in India.
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