PSM Biological Research <p style="text-align: justify;">PSM Biological Research (ISSN; 2517-9586) is a peer-reviewed, open access, multidisciplinary,&nbsp; international journal that publishes research on all aspects of biology and allied sciences.</p> PSM en-US PSM Biological Research 2517-9586 Impact of Farmer’s Training Programs on the Promotion of Alfalfa Cultivation in Ghayathi, United Arab Emirates <p>In this research work the impact of farmers training programs on the promotion of alfalfa cultivation in Ghayathi, UAE was studied. This study was undertaken with a view on 100 participants selected by random sampling technique. The respondents attended trainings and pre-test and post-test knowledge before and after training was conduction to check the perception level of the farmers. The results of the study revealed that majority (92%) of the respondents recommended that the efficiency of their work could be improved by offering them such kind of training courses related to alfalfa cultivation. The maximum change in perception level of 79.47% and 76.31% was found in flowering and sprouting and seed collection respectively. Providing information, technical training sessions and local support from the concern authorities will be of enormous use in the proper adaption of technology was the most common recommendation came from the participants.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Imran Arshad Zaheer Ahmed Khan Wajiha Ali Copyright (c) 2023 PSM 2023-01-31 2023-01-31 8 1 31 35 Happy New Year 2023 from PSM Biological Research: Multidisciplinary Scientific Journal <p>No abstract is available.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Muhammad Naeem Iqbal Copyright (c) 2023 PSM Biological Research 2023-01-01 2023-01-01 8 1 28 30 Evaluation of Antibiotic-resistant Bacteria and Physicochemical Parameters in Groundwater, Impacted by Dairy Farms in Hatillo, Puerto Rico <p>The dairy industry produces many contaminants. This industry constantly uses a water resource in its processes, which carries these contaminants through the soil to groundwater supplies. Dairy cows excrete a significant fraction of antibiotics, posing a substantial risk that active or unchanged metabolites into the environment and leach to groundwater. The aim of this study is to determine if the dairy industry represents a source of bacterial contamination to groundwater, analyze the resistance to antibiotics in the identified bacteria and evaluate the risk to which nearby communities are exposed when they use them as drinking water. Samples were taken from three wells revealing antibiotic-resistant autochthonous bacteria. The physicochemical parameters were analyzed. Eight different types of bacteria were identified, <em>Bacillus sp</em>., <em>Micrococcus sp.</em>, <em>Acinetobacter baumannii</em>, <em>Enterobacter aerogenes</em>, <em>Enterobacter cloacae</em>, <em>E. coli</em>, <em>Pseudomonas aeruginosa</em>, and <em>Pseudomonas putida</em>. Ammonium and nitrate in wells A and B exceeded limits, turbidity in wells A and C exceeded limits. However, the pH and temperature were within limits. Dairy farms can be a source of contamination to groundwater. Improvements in manure management are recommended using more profitable technologies in the transformation of waste from dairy industries. These contaminants can migrate through the soil and reach groundwater supplies, which can contribute to potential impact on public health and the environment.</p> Francisco Bello Lourdes Echevarría Copyright (c) 2022 PSM 2022-10-20 2022-10-20 8 1 9 27 Prevention and Management of Pre-Eclampsia and Eclampsia in Tertiary Care Hospital of Islamabad <p>Pre-eclampsia is a syndrome that is usually defined as the onset of hypertension and proteinuria after 20 weeks of gestation in previously normotensive, non-proteinuric pregnant women. If untreated, pre-eclampsia progresses to a major neurological complication known as eclampsia. The aim of this study was to analyze the management of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia and to explore the role of clinical pharmacists in the prevention of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia. A prospective study of 20 patients on the management of eclampsia and pre-eclampsia was carried out at the Mother and Child Health Hospital PIMS, Islamabad. Data analysis showed that 75% of women have pre-eclampsia and 25% of women have eclampsia. The primary treatments given to the patients consisted of intravenous infusions of magnesium sulfate, methyldopa, and nifedipine. Of these, 60% received magnesium sulfate and 90% received oral methyldopa and nifedipine. The increased workload of nurses and physicians due to the increase in the number of patients with pre-eclampsia and eclampsia requires clinical pharmacists to work side-by-side with nursing staff and physicians, resulting in reduced morbidity and mortality, and improved quality of life for mothers and infants.</p> Mehak Nimra Hamza Irshad Muhammad Murtaza Hasnain Sheikh Ishaque Aamir Muhammad Akram Copyright (c) 2022 PSM 2022-10-20 2022-10-20 8 1 1 8